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Reviews, Editorials, and PhD ms are at the bottom of this page.

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Critical Assessment of the Evidence for Striped Nanoparticles; Julian Stirling, Ioannis Lekkas, Adam Sweetman, Predrag Djuranovic, Quanmin Guo, Brian Pauw, Josef Granwehr, Raphaël Lévy and Philip Moriarty, PloS One, 2014

Monovalent maleimide functionalization of gold nanoparticles via copper-free click chemistry; Daniel. J. Nieves, Nina S. Azmi, Royan Xu, Raphaël Lévy, Ed A. Yates and David G. Fernig, ChemComm, 50, 13157, 2014

Response of Villin Headpiece-Capped Gold Nanoparticles to Ultrafast Laser Heating; Shabir Hassan, Marco Schade, Christopher P Shaw, Raphaël Lévy, and Peter Hamm; J Phys Chem B, 2014

High-Resolution Sizing of Monolayer-Protected Gold Clusters by Differential Centrifugal Sedimentation; Željka Krpetić, Adam M. Davidson, Martin Volk, Raphaël Lévy, Mathias Brust, and David L. Cooper; ACS Nano, 2013, 7, 8881-8890

Stripy Nanoparticles Revisited; Yann Cesbron,Chris P. Shaw, James P. Birchall,Paul Free and Raphaël Lévy; Small, 2012, 8, 3714–3719

Photothermal Microscopy of the Core of Dextran-Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles During Cell Uptake; Lara K. Bogart, Arthur Taylor, Yann Cesbron, Patricia Murray, and Raphaël Lévy; ACS Nano,  2012, 6, 5961–5971

Amyloid-Derived Peptide Forms Self-Assembled Monolayers on Gold Nanoparticle with a Curvature-Dependent β-Sheet Structure; Christopher P Shaw, David A. Middleton, Martin Volk, and Raphaël Lévy; ACS Nano, 2012, 6, 1416–1426

Fmoc-diphenylalanine hydrogels: understanding the variability in reported mechanical properties; Jaclyn Raeburn, Guillaume Pont, Lin Chen, Yann Cesbron, Raphaël Lévy and Dave J. Adam; Soft Matter, 2012, 8, 1168-1174

Cathepsin L Digestion of Nanobioconjugates upon Endocytosis; Violaine Sée, Paul Free, Yann Cesbron, Paula Nativo, Umbreen Shaheen, Daniel J. Rigden, David G. Spiller, David G. Fernig, Michael R. H. White, Ian A. Prior, Mathias Brust, Brahim Lounis and Raphaël Lévy, ACS Nano, 2009, 3, 2461-2468

PEGylation modulates the interfacial kinetics of proteases on peptide-capped gold nanoparticles; Paul Free, Christopher P. Shaw and Raphaël Lévy, Chem. Commun., 2009, 5009 – 5011

Fluorescent or not? Size-dependent fluorescence switching for polymer-stabilized gold clusters in the 1.1–1.7 nm size range; Schaeffer, N., Tan, B., Dickinson, C., Rosseinsky, M.J., Laromaine, A., McComb, D.W., Stevens, M.M., Wang, Y., Petit, L., Barentin, C., Spiller, D.G., Cooper A.I. and Lévy, R. Chem. Commun., 2008, 3986 – 3988

Supramolecular Domains in Mixed Peptide Self-Assembled Monolayers on Gold Nanoparticles; Duchesne, L., Wells, G., Fernig, D.G., Harris, S.A. and Lévy, R. (2008). ChemBioChem, 9, 13, 2127 – 2134

Drying nano particles solution on an oscillating tip at an air liquid interface: what we can learn, what we can do?; Bernard, C., Aimé, J.-P., Marsaudon, S., Lévy, R., Bonnot, A.M., Nguyen, C., Mariolle, D., Bertin, F. and Chabli, A. (2007) . Nanoscale Res. Lett. 2, 309-318

A generic approach to monofunctionalized protein-like gold nanoparticles based on immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography; Lévy, R., Wang, Z.X., Duchesne, L., Doty, R.C., Cooper, A.I., Brust, M. and Fernig, D.G. (2006) . Chembiochem 7, 592-594

Kinase-catalyzed modification of gold nanoparticles: A new approach to colorimetric kinase activity screening; Wang, Z.X., Lévy, R., Fernig, D.G. and Brust, M. (2006)  J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 2214-2215

The peptide route to multifunctional gold nanoparticles; Wang, Z., Lévy, R., Fernig, D.G. and Brust, M. (2005)  Bioconjugate Chem. 16, 497-500

Rational and combinatorial design of peptide capping Ligands for gold nanoparticles; Lévy, R., Thanh, N.T.K., Doty, R.C., Hussain, I., Nichols, R.J., Schiffrin, D.J., Brust, M. and Fernig, D.G. (2004) . J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 10076-10084

Specific molecular interactions by force spectroscopy: From single bonds to collective properties; Lévy, R. and Maaloum, M. (2005)  Biophysical Chemistry 117, 233-237

New tools for force spectroscopy; Lévy, R. and Maaloum, M. (2005) Ultramicroscopy 102, 311-315

Probing adsorbed polymer chains using atomic force microscopy: interpretation of rupture distributions; Lévy, R. and Maaloum, M. (2004) J. Phys.-Condes. Matter 16, 7199-7208

Measuring the spring constant of atomic force microscope cantilevers: thermal fluctuations and other methods; Lévy, R. and Maaloum, M. (2002) . Nanotechnology 13, 33-37

Reviews and Editorials

Nanoparticles for Imaging, Sensing, and Therapeutic Intervention; Lara K. Bogart,Genevieve Pourroy,Catherine J. Murphy,Victor Puntes, Teresa Pellegrino, Daniel Rosenblum, Dan Peer, and Raphaël Lévy (2014), ACS Nano

Long-term tracking of cells using inorganic nanoparticles as contrast agents: are we there yet? Arthur Taylor ,  Katie M. Wilson ,  Patricia Murray ,  David G. Fernig and Raphaël Lévy (2012) Chem. Soc. Rev., 41, 2707-2717

Editorial; theme issue  “Biological Interactions of Nanoparticles”; Lévy, R. and Brust, M. (2012) Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews

Gold nanoparticles as advanced building blocks for nanoscale self-assembled systems;  Christopher P. Shaw, David G. Fernig and Raphaël Lévy (2011). J. Mater. Chem., 21, 12181-12187 – DOI: 10.1039/C1JM11945A

Gold nanoparticles delivery in mammalian live cells: a critical review; Raphaël Lévy, Umbreen Shaheen, Yann Cesbron and Violaine Sée (2010). Nano Reviews 2010, 1: 4889 – DOI: /10.3402/nano.v1i0.4889

Peptide-Capped Gold Nanoparticles: Towards Artificial Proteins; Lévy, R. (2006) ChemBioChem 7, 1141-1145

PhD manuscripts

Umbreen Shaheen, May 2012, Delivery, interaction and fate of peptide-capped gold nanoparticles in mammalian cells

Chris P Shaw, September 2011, Structure and properties of ligand-capped gold nanoparticles

Yann Cesbron, October 2010, The University of Liverpool, Intracellular delivery and fate of peptide-capped gold nanoparticles

Nicolas Schaeffer, January 2010, The University of Liverpool: Polymer Routes Toward Designing Gold Nanostructures

Raphaël Lévy, September 2002, Université Louis Pasteur (now Université de Strasbourg): Interactions intra et inter moléculaires, conformation des polymères adsorbés, transition de phase sous étirement : que peut-on apprendre des mesures de force